Philly Tree Map

Tree Key > Needles > Single
Eastern Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis
Distinguishing Features: Young twigs are fuzzy, small cones have smooth scale edges
  • Type: Evergreen
  • Form at maturity: pyramidal, with a slender, nodding crown, Typically grows 40-70 feet tall
  • Leaf: Leaves are spirally arranged and 2-ranked, needles are flattened, 0.25 to 0.75 inch long, new foliage is dark green above with 2 whitish bands on the underside, leaf margins minutely serrulate
  • Flower: Monoecious, with male and female flowers
  • Bark: Overall brown color, bark changes from smooth, to flaky and scaly, and finally to wide flat ridges with age
  • Fruit or Seed: Thimble-like, light brown cones to 3/4 inch long
  • Other:
Eastern Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis leaf
Eastern Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis fruit