Distinguishing Features: Bristle-like teeth along edges, young leaves are fuzzy
- Type: Deciduous
- Form at maturity: 40 to 60 feet tall, broad-spreading, rounded crown
- Leaf: Alternate leaf arrangement, simple leaves, oblong leaf shape, 3.5 to 7.5 inches long, serrated leaf margins, bristled-like teeth on serrations, dark green leaves in summers, brownish-yellow fall color.
- Flower: Monoecious yellowish-green flowers in separate male and female catkins
- Bark: Gray to black bark develops corky ridging with age.
- Fruit or Seed: 1 inches long acorn enclosed in an involucre, involucre has spreading and recurved scales, dark brown in color