Philly Tree Map

Tree Key > Leaves > Simple > Toothed Edge > Catkin
Betula nigra
Distinguishing Features: Creamy orange shedding bark, male catkins grouped in threes, shiny leaves with large and small teeth
  • Type: Deciduous
  • Form at maturity: Pyramidal when young, but matures to a more rounded shape typically growing 40-70 feet tall.
  • Leaf: Leathery, diamond-shaped, medium to dark green leaves, 1.5-3.5 inches long with doubly toothed margins, turn yellow in fall.
  • Flower: Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins.
  • Bark: Young trunk and branches have thin, shiny red-brown bark, older portions develop creamy orange bark, on very old trunks and branches bark turn brown and develops ridges and furrows in a somewhat platy fashion
  • Fruit or Seed: The fruit is elongated, 1 to 3 inches long catkin of small nutlets
  • Other: