Philly Tree Map

Tree Key > Leaves > Simple > Toothed Edge > Catkin
European Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Distinguishing Features: Seeds are hanging clusters of nutlets with narrow, papery wings, buds curve toward the stem
  • Type: Deciduous
  • Form at maturity: grows 40-60 feet (less frequently to 80 feet) tall with a pyramidal to oval-rounded crown.
  • Leaf: Ovate, sharply-toothed, dark green, turn an undistinguished yellow to orange in fall.
  • Flower: Monoecious with male and female flowers on the same plant, male flowers are 1.5 inches long catkins, female flowers are 1.5 to 3 inches long
  • Bark: Smooth fluted bark, showy steel-gray color
  • Fruit or Seed: Fruits are small nutlets in 3-lobed bracts
  • Other: