Philly Tree Map

Tree Key > Leaves > Simple > Toothed Edge > Catkin
American Hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana
Distinguishing Features: Seeds are hanging clusters of nutlets with wide, papery wings, buds are tiny and pointed
  • Type: Deciduous
  • Form at maturity: Wide spreading, flat-topped crown, 20 to 30 feet tall
  • Leaf: Alternate leaf arrangement, simple leaves, 2.5 long and 5 inches wide, oblong leaf shape, doubly-serrated leaf margin, dark green leaf color
  • Flower: Monoecious with male and female flowers on the same plant, female flowers are 4 inches long
  • Bark: Smooth, gray bark, fluted base, vertical ridges, slender, dark brown, hairy stems
  • Fruit or Seed: A nutlet subtended by a 3-winged, leaf-like bract, 1 inch long, numerous nutlets are held together in pendulous chain-like clusters, color changes from green to brown
  • Other: